Rotary Tells CHOGM Eradicating Polio an Example of Resilient Society

Editor’s note: The following is the text of a speech by Rotary President K R Ravindran to the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM)

Two years ago, CHOGM was held in my own country of Sri Lanka, in my home city of Colombo. I never suspected then, that I would be here in Malta for CHOGM 2015! But indeed, I am here today, at this People’s Forum, representing Rotary.

Ravindran's-Speech-at-CHOGM-2015And I have come to talk to you about the broader context of today’s question: which is what we, as non-government actors, can do to enable more resilient societies—to strengthen the systems we all rely on, for health at every age.

For when we talk about resilience, we are talking about the capacity to withstand shocks: to survive them and to recover from them.

And Rotary is incredibly well placed, in fact uniquely well placed, to foster this kind of resilience.

Rotary stands at the intersection of commerce and cause, at the crossroads of our private citizenship and our shared responsibility.

We are both completely local, in our 34,000 clubs; and completely global, with 1.2 million members serving in virtually every country of the Commonwealth, and most of the countries of the world.

When the great tsunami hit Sri Lanka, Rotary was able to respond in a way that no one else could do.

We didn’t have to fly in staff, hire translators, or set up a local office. We simply identified the needs and organized ourselves to meet them.

There was a great need for drinkable water.

The wells were contaminated all along the coast.

Foreign NGOs flew in bottled water.

We flew in sludge pumps, found jeeps and drivers, and put hundreds of wells back into use.

When the crisis was past, we built 25 new schools to replace the ones destroyed. The $12m required  came from Rotarians and partners abroad, and we at home did the work.

Today, those schools serve more than 14,000 students, they receive no Rotary funding, and they are absolutely best in class.

This is how Rotary fosters resilience, locally, and on a national level. But today I want to tell you about our global project: the eradication of polio.

Pull-quote-Resiliency-400x500Thirty years ago, we saw about 350,000 cases of polio worldwide every year.

With polio, “cases” generally means “children”—children healthy one day, paralyzed or dead the next.

This was happening even though a vaccine existed that was safe, cheap, and easy to administer.

Not only that, but the vaccine had the capacity to stop transmission of the disease: meaning that if enough children in a population were vaccinated, the disease would simply die out.

Yet no international body had taken this on.

The wealthier countries vaccinated their own children, the poorer countries could not, and so it remained, until in the late 1980s, when Rotary made the commitment to step up to the challenge, and stop the disease.

The work Rotary began with that commitment, is known today as The Global Polio Eradication Initiative.

It is a partnership involving the WHO, the CDC, UNICEF, the Gates Foundation, and governments and health agencies throughout the Commonwealth, and across the world.

Together, we have vaccinated over 2.5 billion children.

As a result, the number of children paralyzed by wild poliovirus this year, stands at 56.

We have every reason to be optimistic that, with the continued strong support of Commonwealth nations, zero children will be paralyzed in 2017.

And it is incredibly important that we do reach zero. For only by reaching zero, and remaining at zero, can we stop routine immunization against polio: releasing one billion dollars per year, back into local health systems.

But the legacy of polio eradication will go far beyond these cost savings, or the elimination of one disease.

This effort has transformed the resilience of health systems around the world: by establishing capacity to address emerging needs.

This is something we have already seen very vividly, throughout the Ebola crisis last year. One of the most terrifying scenarios to be modeled was one in which the virus reached Nigeria.

Because Nigeria is a trade hub for all of Africa, with a dense population, poor sanitation, and very high mobility.

But when Ebola did reach Lagos, on a flight from Liberia, it spread no further—because of the resources that were already in place, to fight polio.

The emergency operations centers, the disease surveillance officers, the lines of communications between local and international health authorities, the capacity for real-time data analysis and modeling: all of this was ready and waiting, when it was needed most.

Because this infrastructure was already in place, Ebola was stopped.

Today, we stand at a crossroads.

It is with us to ensure that polio is fully eradicated, and that the resources developed along the way are fully and effectively transitioned.

Neither of these goals will be reached without a conscious, deliberate effort, and the full engagement of governments and civil society.

So to answer my original question, which is, how do we build resilience—I would say, we start where we are, with what we have. We accept our shared responsibility, for our shared future. We capitalize on our investments, we learn from our experiences, and we finish what we start.

Thank you.

Source: Rotary International

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